Puzzles, Quizzes, Riddles, No. 1 on moon background
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Puzzles, Quizzes and Riddles No.1

What do Kayaking and the Moon have in Common?

They’re both part of Puzzles, Quizzes and Riddles No. 1!

The Moon

Astronaut walking on the moon, NASA image copyright free


Take this classic NASA challenge.

You and your three team members have crashed on the moon. Only 15 items are left intact and undamaged after landing. You are about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from a lunar outpost. Your survival depends on you reaching the outpost, finding a way to protect yourself until someone can reach you, or meeting a rescue party somewhere between your landing site and the outpost.

The Moon has no atmosphere or magnetosphere to protect you from space radiation. The lunar soil is a mixture of materials that includes sharp, glassy particles. The gravity field on the Moon is only one-sixth as strong as Earth’s. More than 80 percent of the Moon is made up of heavily cratered highlands. Temperatures vary widely on the Moon. It can be as cold as -193°C (-315°F) at night at its poles and as hot as 111°C (232°F) during the day at its equator. Food, shelter, water, air, navigation and means of transportation are all important. Rank the surviving items in order of usefulness and say how you would use them to help you and your crew make it to the lunar outpost. 1 is the most useful and 15 the least. See our answers page to find out what NASA scientists thought.

  • Life Raft
    (a self-inflatable floatation device)
  • Two 45.5-kilogram (100-pound) tanks of oxygen
    (pressurized tanks of oxygen)
  • Space blanket
    (a thin sheet of plastic material that is coated with a metallic reflecting layer)
  • Lights with solar-powered rechargeable batteries
    (portable lights powered by solar batteries)
  • Signal mirror
    (a handheld mirror)
  • 38 liters (10 gallons) of water
    (a container of water)
  • First aid kit
    (a basic first aid kit with pain medication and medicine for infection)
  • Food concentrate
    (dehydrated food to which water is added)
  • Magnetic compass
    (a tool that uses a magnetic field to determine direction)
  • Solar-powered radio receiver-transmitter
    (a communication tool powered by the sun)
  • Map of the Moon’s surface
    (a map showing the Moon’s terrain)
  • 15 meters (about 50 feet) of nylon rope
    (manufactured rope)
  • Parachute
    (a large piece of silk cloth)
  • Space suit repair kit
    (materials to repair tiny holes in fabric)



The Moon has Fascinated Mankind throughout History

Check out our MOON QUIZ


  1. Where is ‘The Island of the Moon’?
  2. What is the old English name for the moon?
  3. When the moon is ‘gibbous’ what does this mean?
  4. Who are ‘Moon’s men’?
  5. In which of his plays does Shakespeare speak of ‘This man with lantern, dog and bush of thorn, Presenteth  moonshine’?
  6. By what name is the moon known in classical mythology?
    a. When she has set?
    b. When she is a crescent?
    c. When she hunts the clouds?
  7. What colour is a ‘moon’ horse?

 Here comes the Kayak! 

Word search: Kayak

Did you Boggle your eyes? Hint: the word Kayak only appears once


  General Knowledge? 

Challenge your family and friends to this quiz and see what they really know!


  1.  How long did the Hundred Years’ War last?
  2.  Which country makes Panama hats?
  3.  From which animal do we get cat gut?
  4.  In which month do Russians celebrate the October Revolution?
  5.  What is a camel’s hair brush made of?
  6.  The Canary Islands in the Pacific are named after what animal?
  7.  What was King George VI’s first name?
  8.  What colour is a purple finch?
  9.  Where are Chinese gooseberries from?
  10.  What is the colour of the black box in a commercial airplane?


 And Finally…


1978 was a year with a special property. If you add 19 to 78, the result of the sum is equal to the year’s middle two digits – 97.
What will be the next year with this property? Can you work out the years after that one?



Only one of the following statements is true. Which one?
A ‘B is true’ B ’E is false’ C ‘Statements A to E are true’ D ‘Statements A to E are False’ E ‘A is false’



A man is imprisoned in a cell with two doors. The doors are unlocked, but a guard stands in front of each of them. The prisoner knows that one door leads to freedom, while the other leads to the dungeon and a lifetime of imprisonment. He can leave the cell and go through either door; he cannot then turn back. One of the guards always tells the truth, while the other always lies. The man is allowed to ask one guard one question, but is not allowed to ask which one is the liar.

What question should he ask to gain his freedom?



To check your answers follow this link:
Puzzles, Quizzes and Riddles No. 1 – Answers


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